Other resources

Primers

References to Sanskrit primers have been inserted in the second volume's vocabulary lists. The pdfs of the older primers can be downloaded below. A link to the Amazon page is provided for the two more recent primers.

 

  • W.D. Whitney. A Sanskrit Grammar (1879). PDF or Wikisource

  • J.S. Speijer. Sanskrit Syntax (1886). PDF

  • M.R. Kale. A Higher Sanskrit Grammar (1894). PDF

  • F. Edgerton. Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, Vol. One (1953). PDF

 

  • R.P. Goldman and S.J. Sutherland. Devavāṇīpraveśikā An Introduction to the Sanskrit Language (1999). Amazon

  • G.A. Tubb and E.R. Boose. Scholastic Sanskrit A Handbook for Students (2007). Amazon

 

Beginner students may struggle to recognize some of the conjunct consonants or "ligatures" as well as a couple of individual letters found in the older Devanāgarī font used in Speijer‘s Sanskrit Syntax. Before using this book, students are encouraged to study this table, which includes most of the more difficult characters together with their romanized transcription and their form in two modern fonts.

Sanskrit Reader

Online dictionaries

While the use of paper dictionaries is to be encouraged in students, the speed and convenience of using digital or online dictionaries will often prove quite helpful in the beginning stages when the student has yet to memorize any significant amount of words and will be spending a lot of time looking up dictionaries. Below is a selection of online Sanskrit dictionaries, some of which feature unique functionalities useful to beginner students. 

 

  • Sanskrit Dictionary. Allows the search of inflected forms and participles. Note that verb prefixes must be first removed when searching a conjugated verb.

  • Dictionnaire Héritage du Sanscrit. A Sanskrit to French dictionary. Useful even for those who do not understand French, as it provides complete conjugation and declension tables accessible by clicking the verb group number ([1-10]) or the gender abbreviation (m., n., f.).

  • saṃskṛta kośa samuccayaḥ. Displays the meanings of words from a number of different dictionaries on a single page with a very readable layout.

  • Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries. A more complete collection of Sanskrit dictionaries, including Edgerton's Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary and Apte's Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary​.

Textbooks for self-study

While this reader was initially conceived as a resource for teaching, it may also be used out of class for independent-study, in which case the student should have at the very least read through and gained a solid grasp of the contents of one of the Sanskrit textbooks suited for self-study. Below are two of the more recent textbooks recommended for independent learners.

 

  • Thomas Egenes. Introduction to Sanskrit (2011). Amazon

    • Dr McComas Taylor at the Australian National University has created a free online course around this textbook called "The Joy of Sanskrit." Available in epub or HTML format here.

  • A.M. Ruppel. The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit (2017). Amazon

    • Additional resources for this book including a series of youtube companion videos have been made available by the author here.

 

 

其他資源

文法書

第二冊詞彙表列有梵語文法書索引。以下列出早期的梵語文法書pdf檔,供讀者下載,並提供兩本當代學者編撰的梵語文法書的亞馬遜網頁。

 

  • W.D. Whitney. A Sanskrit Grammar (1879). PDF 或 Wikisource

  • J.S. Speijer. Sanskrit Syntax (1886). PDF

  • M.R. Kale. A Higher Sanskrit Grammar (1894). PDF

  • F. Edgerton. Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, Vol. One (1953). PDF

 

  • R.P. Goldman and S.J. Sutherland. Devavāṇīpraveśikā An Introduction to the Sanskrit Language (1999). Amazon網頁

  • G.A. Tubb and E.R. Boose. Scholastic Sanskrit A Handbook for Students (2007). Amazon網頁

 

初學者可能不易辨識Speijer's Sanskrit Syntax 書中的某些天城體字母與合字。使用這本文法書之前,可以先研讀此表格,表格中整理出較不容易辨識的字體、其羅馬轉寫,及其兩種現代字體的寫法。

梵語讀本

線上辭典

雖然應鼓勵學生多使用紙本辭典,但是對於初學者而言,尚未有足夠的辭彙量,而將花很多時間查辭典時,快速且方便的電子辭典或線上辭典顯得更為關鍵。以下是梵語線上辭典,各有其獨特功能,適用於初學者。

 

  • Sanskrit Dictionary. 可查詢格變化及各類分詞。搜尋的是已變化的動詞時,前綴必須先拿掉。

  • Dictionnaire Héritage du Sanscrit. 梵法辭典。即使未學習過法語的學生亦可使用,因為這個辭典提供完整的動詞變化及格變化表。可點入動詞類別([1-10])或詞性的縮寫(m., n., f.)顯示出這些表格

  • saṃskṛta kośa samuccayaḥ. 以容易閱讀的方式,在單一的網頁上,列出不同辭典的詞彙解釋。

  • Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries. ​所收集的梵語辭典更為完整,其中包括Edgerton編撰的 Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary ,以及 Apte編撰的 Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary​。

入門書

雖然編譯這套《梵語佛典讀本》的原始構想是作為學生的上課教材,但這套讀本也可以作為讀者課堂外的梵語自學資源,不過讀者必須已研讀適合自學的梵語入門書。以下推薦二本較新的梵語教材供讀者自學研讀。

 

  • Thomas Egenes. Introduction to Sanskrit (2011). Amazon網頁

    • 澳洲國立大學 McComas Taylor 教授已建立此教材的免費線上課程 The Joy of Sanskrit,可下載 epub 或 HTML 線上閱讀。課程網頁

 

  • A.M. Ruppel. The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit (2017). Amazon網頁

    • 作者在網站上提供本書的相關資源,並有youtube上的教學影片。本書相關資源

 

 

 

 

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